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This month's edition of the Heritage and Education Centre (HEC) Newsletter includes the launch of four PhD Scholarships in Maritime History, a trip to the 1851 Trust roadshow and our evening lecture series.
On Tuesday 19th June MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) delivered a lecture on the excavations of 71 Fenchurch Street in the 1990s. The evening was a huge success and we had a fantastic turn out. A group of finds from a cess pit dating 1670-1710 included very rare pieces of Chinese and Persian porcelain including the above plate. The blue on the porcelain is cobalt from Persia and it was probably made at Kirman in Iran. It is the most important example of Persian pottery in London. There are still tickets available for our next two talks on the First World War and the Lloyd's Register Cricket Club.
Lloyd's Register Foundation Thomas Chapman PhD Scholarships
The University of Hull, in collaboration with Lloyd’s Register Foundation and the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History, is offering four full-time UK/EU PhD Scholarships in the cultural and technical dimensions of 19th and 20th century shipping, fisheries and trade.
The Lloyd’s Register Foundation Thomas Chapman PhD Scholarships will focus on two distinct, yet closely-related, themes.
Project 1 will derive evidence from Lloyd's Survey Reports, 1840-1870, to assess the contribution made by the Lloyd’s Register surveyors to improvements in the safety of merchant shipping in a period of rapid, though unevenly distributed, technological change.
Project 2 will examine the risks associated with distant-water trawling from 1900 to the present day, and the extent to which these risks were mitigated by safety measures taken by the owners and crews of these vessels. The applications closed on the 25 June.
For more information click here.
1851Trust #NextGeneration Roadshow
The 1851 Trust have been travelling the country delivering their #NextGeneration Roadshow. The roadshow uses yacht plans from our archive to teach secondary school children about the STEM challenges when building yachts. They then compare these plans to the yachts currently taking part in the America's Cup.
To learn more about the work of the 1851 Trust, visit their website.
Follow our social media pages to see what we got up to on our trip!
A researcher sent an old photo of a number of crew standing in the bridge house and deck with a lifebuoy in the centre of the image which had been taken in 1911. He wanted to know more about the vessel as one of the people in the photo was his grandfather. It was a small trawler built by Alexander Hall, Aberdeen in 1895. She was eventually sunk by gunfire from the U-19 on the 4th June 1915 about 68 miles north west of Orkney.
During the First World War, fishing vessels continued their trade despite there being a war on. However, many small fishing vessels were commandeered by the Royal Navy for laying anti-submarine nets and for searching out submarines. Fishing vessels became targets for German U-Boats. Under Article 112 of the Prize Regulations (an international agreement governing warlike conduct at sea), the German U-Boats were allowed to capture a trawler but allow for the crew to get in to lifeboats before they went on to sink the vessels by gunfire.
U-19 went on to sink 57 vessels, 2 taken as prizes and 3 damaged, representing almost 100,000 tons of lost shipping.
71 Fenchurch Street Visits
On the 22 June, the University of Cadiz came to learn more about the work of Lloyd's Register as well as its heritage and the history of the building. Every year the Heritage and Education Centre host a number of visits from universities as well as research groups and other organisations.
By promoting the organisation to a wider audience, we uphold the value of our past, and help fulfil our mission to advance education for the benefit of society.
To find out more about the Centre's outreach to universities, visit the advancing public education webpage.
Throughout June, Project Undaunted have continued where we left off with the rigorous testing and tweaking of our CMS. Still in its development stage, this database will have to be robust enough to accommodate up to 1.5 million digital records. Getting it right has been our number one priority thus far. Once up and running, the CMS will offer structured data for researchers to use, allow us to improve our rate of cataloguing, and discover what treasures lurk within our expansive collection!
Alongside this, we have also been busy making our catalogued records ready for the upcoming data import to the CMS. This has involved a deep cleanse of our catalogued material; which with a total of over a hundred fields per ship, has been something of a challenge. No pressure. Watch this space!
This month the Project Undaunted team found a record for a ship with a particularly interesting footnote in the history of the War of 1812; the Hibernia. Launched in 1810 at Cowes, the West Indiaman Hibernia operated as a privateer with a letter of marque allowing her to attack and capture enemy vessels. Hibernia gained fame in Britain after successfully driving off the American privateer Comet over a nine hour engagement, despite being significantly out manned by more than five times the men, and double the guns. After gaining fame, she continued her life at sea as a convict transport between England and Sydney.
Did You Know?
The earliest steamer listed in the Register Book is the Woodford in 1818, closely followed by the Savannah in 1819.
The James Watt, the third steamer to be inspected by Lloyd's Register, was built in Greenock in 1821 and was classed A1. She was owned by the London and Edinburgh Shipping Co.
In 1822, she helped tow King George IV's yacht, Royal George, into Leith. This was a monumental occasion as George IV was the first reigning monarch since Charles I to visit Scotland.
By 1832, there were around 100 steamers listed in the Register Books and from 1839 the Register included a list of 'Ships Navigated by Steam', showing clear progress in the development of ship building!
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