James Herbert Scrutton

Artist: G Fiddes Watt, RSA

In office from: 1922 - 1925

Background: Shipowner

One of the best known shipowners in the country, James Herbert Scrutton was the first of the third generation of Scruttons to be associated with the family business. He joined the firm in 1875 and was made partner in 1884 along with his cousin, Frederic Scrutton. They were responsible for driving the conversion of the Scrutton fleet from sail to steam and were also founders of Scruttons Limited.

James Herbert was made a member of the London General Shipowners’ Society in 1896 and was its Chairman from 1905-06 when he was elected as a member of Lloyd’s Register’s General Committee. James Herbert was vice-president of the Chamber of Shipping during the First World War. Unfortunately the strain of the war and the tireless work which he had undertaken affected his health and he was advised not to take the presidency on medical grounds.

Amongst other positions he was an associate member of the Institution of Naval Architects and a member of the council of the King George’s Fund for Sailors. In January 1922, James Herbert was elected as Chairman of Lloyd’s Register and under his able guidance many affairs of great importance were successfully dealt with including introduction of the new Rules for the Construction and Classification of Steel Ships, the revision of the Rules for the Construction of Vessels intended to carry Petroleum in Bulk, and the inauguration of the agreement with the Registro Italiano. 

He was also a patron of the Lloyd’s Register Cricket Club. James Herbert resigned from the Chair in 1925 owing to a temporary breakdown in health and died at his home in Daglingworth, Gloucestershire in 1938.

Related links:

Seafarers UK (formerly King George's Fund for Sailors)

Lloyd's Register and the First World War

From 1914-1919, nearly 10 million tons of new shipping were specially surveyed and classed by Lloyd's Register. Find out more about the Society's activities during 'The Great War' below.